Department of Physical, Environmental 718-270-6453 and Computer Sciences
PHS 203 Atmospheric Science Fall, 20xx
4 lecture hours; 3 credits
Lect:Tue., Thu. 3:00 - 4:40 p.m., Room 420 C
This course is an introduction to the principles and phenomena of the atmosphere, weather and climate. Topics include clouds, sky color, greenhouse effect, precipitation, storms, hurricanes, storm tracks, climates and the Ice Ages, weather analysis and forecasting.
Prerequisite: PHY 212 University Physics II and CHM 201 General Chemistry I
1. Assignments: Students are expected to complete all of the homework assignments and laboratory assignments and submit them promptly.
2. Attendance: Students are expected to attend all lectures sessions. No more than four (4) absences are allowed.
3. Exams: There will be five (3) in-class examinations. They will be given approxi-mately every two weeks and will start promptly at the beginning of the class. There will be no make-up exams. However, only four (4) exams will be counted.
4. Final Examination: The final examination will cover the entire semester's work. There will be no exemption from the final.
5. Final grade will be determined as follows:
Homework Assignments............................ 25 percent
Final Examinations.......................................25 percent
Total 100 percent
The Atmosphere: An Introduction to Meteorology, 8th Edition
By Frederick K. Lutgens and Edward J. Tarbuck
Week Chap Topics
11Introduction to the Atmosphere: weather and climate, part of the Earth system,
structure of atmosphere
22 Earth-Sun Relationship: energy, heat, and temperature, energy transfer, radiation laws, solar radiation, radiation emitted by Earth, heat budget
33 Temperature: temperature scales, controls of temperature variations, world distribution of temperatures, cycles of air temperature, application of temperature data
44 Moisture and Atmospheric Stability: Water in the atmosphere, water changes of state, vapor pressure and saturation, relative humidity, dew point temperature, adiabatic cooling and condensation, atmospheric stability
55 Condensation and Precipitation: Clouds, fog, dew and frost, formation of precipitation, forms of precipitation, precipitation measurements, urban-induced precipitation
66 Air Pressure and Winds: factors affecting air pressure, factors affecting wind, winds aloft and geostrophic flow, curved flow and the gradient wind, surface winds, vertical air motion
77 Atmospheric Circulation: scales of atmospheric motion, local winds, global circulation, distribution of pressure and winds, the westerlies, waves in the westerlies and heat budget, global winds and ocean currents, El Nino and La Nina
88, 9 Air Masses and Weather Patterns: classifying air masses, air-mass modifications, properties of North American air masses, fronts, midatlantic cyclone, cyclogenesis, traveling cyclones, anticyclonic weather and blocking heights.
910, 11 Thunderstorms, Tornadoes and Hurricanes: air-mass thunderstorms, lightning and thunder, development and occurrence of tornadoes, tornado forcasting, profile of hurricanes, hurricane formation and decay, detecting and tracking hurricanes.
1012 Weather Analysis and Forecasting: the weather business, weather analysis, weather forecasting, long-range forecasting, accuracy, satellites in forecasting, upper-level flow
1113 Air Pollution: historical perspective, sources and types of air pollution, trends in air quality, meteorological factors and air pollution, acid precipitation
1214 Changing Climate: climate system, natural causes of climate change, human impact on global climate change, climate-feedback mechanisms, Greenhouse effect
1315 World Climates: climate classification, climate controls, overview of world climate, the wet tropics, tropical wet and dry, the dry climates, humid middle-atlantic climates with mild winters, humid continental climates with severe winters, polar climates, highland climates14 NASAComparative Planetology: Martian atmosphere, climate, weather and dust storms, temperature variations, ancient climate and global climate change, Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) and search for water.